Data Center Design


Guide to Data Center Design

Guide to Data Center Design

Data Center Design

Data centers continue to be an integral part of today’s digitised world, where businesses mostly communicate via a digitised medium. Data centers can house complex and hi-tech infrastructures that can offer users endless possibilities. This blog dives deep into data center design standards, guidelines, and best practices.

What is data center design & its planning?

Data center design is a process of designing and modelling a data centre system’s architectural layout, IT resources, and complete infrastructure. It enables the logical conception of the data center before the development or deployment in the organisation’s IT environment.

A data center design can be developed with an in-house team or by hiring an expert who offers data center services. A new data center needs a reliable power supply, regular backups, clear communication paths for data connections, environmental control, and security measures. A well-developed data center system will offer smoother business operations and better data management. Here are some top-level suggestions for data center planning.

  • Choose modular data center build-outs
  • Choose high-powered software
  • Find ways to integrate operations
  • Share resources whenever possible
  • Consider the deployment of cloud computing
  • Keep a data continuity plan in place.

Data Center Design standards & guidelines

The data center design standards help to define the minimum requirements and best practices while setting up, operating, and maintaining a data center system. Professional institutions such as International Standards Organisation (ISO) or the Telecommunication Industry Association offer their expertise to formulate guidelines for managing data centers effectively. Generally, the design standards followed while building a data center architecture are,

  • Telecommunications Infrastructure Standard for Data Centers (TIA-942)
  • ISO / IEC 27001:2005 and 27001:2013 Information Security Management System Standard

These standards list the requirements to successfully design and deploy a design center, such as,

  • Building Regulations
  • Information Security
  • Design and Resilience
  • Health and Safety
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Business continuity

Data centre design best practices

Power & Performance

The utility expenses are the major financial bottleneck for data center management. The following components must be kept in mind while designing the power supply system.

  • Servers
  • Cooling
  • Emergency Power

Physical Space & Organisation

In an effort to reduce costs, data center services might build data centers only to cater to the organisation’s current needs. The main areas of space improvements are,

  • Floorspace
  • Cabinets & Racks

Cooling Systems

Data centers have expensive equipment installed that runs almost 24 hours a day, and therefore, a proper cooling system has to be in place. To avoid overheating and excess use of power, efficient cooling and airflow systems have to be included in a data center network design.


Security is the most important element when designing a data center. Never overlook security and deploy a data center system. Consider network security, data encryption & backup while planning to build a data center.

Mistakes to avoid while designing a Data Center

Construction of and deploying a new data center system are a race against time and money. Most design data services develop solutions that only cater to short-term goals, which can turn into bottlenecks in the long run. Data always grows, so it’s imperative to create a futuristic data center system with room for adding upgrades and modifications. Here are nine mistakes that have to be avoided while designing a data center.

  • Failing to perform full infrastructure assessment
  • Miscalculation of the total cost of ownership (TCO)
  • Having ambiguous project leadership
  • Finalising a data center site before the design is complete
  • Wrong choice of data center power equipment
  • Failure to identify dependencies
  • Underestimating the data center timeline
  • Mismatch of business objectives
  • Not looking further after the completed buildout.

Future of Data Center

The future is bright for data centers as more and more companies are offering expertise in data center services to all types of businesses and industries. Data centers offer converged infrastructure, and the trend is further moving upwards to hyper-convergence. Many firms believe that with an effective design center, many risks can be mitigated even before they happen, increasing the brand value and also the revenues. With converged data center architecture, a single interface can be used to manage the entire business infrastructure and streamline every process, which makes the data safe and accessible at the same time. The use of virtualisation and convergence will keep all operational layers like computing, networking, and storage in one loop. Hyper-convergence will have everything on a single server which will boost efficiency, reduce costs, and provide better data control.


What is data center design?

Data center design is a step-by-step process of building a data center system that can house infrastructure, IT resources, and architectural layout under one roof and enable structured business operations for maximising revenue and reducing costs. It helps create a virtual data center to fix issues and optimise before physical implementation in an organization. 

What are the types of data centers?

Data centers are made up of three main components: storage, computing, and network. Anyhow, these are just the tip of the iceberg in the modern data center system. The different types of data centers include,

  • Colocation Data Center
  • Managed Data Center
  • Enterprise Data Center
  • Cloud Data Center
  • Edge Data Center

What are data center requirements?

The key requirements of a data center are,

  • Specific Business Goals
  • Data center infrastructure
  • Facility Location
  • Security Levels
  • Service Reliability
  • Required Scalability
  • On-hand support
  • Carrier Neutrality
  • Data Center’s reputation
  • Pricing and overhead costs
  • The possibility of disasters
  • Extra amenities

How do you design a data center?

Designing a data center is a herculean task and requires a lot of resources, time, and planning. But if done right, it can streamline business operations, bring more revenue, and reduce unnecessary expenses. Some of the tips to consider to start building a data center are,

  • Leave Room for Future Upgrades
  • Plan for the Support Team
  • Optimize Data Center Cooling
  • Smart Data Center Airflow Management
  • Don’t overlook Physical Security
  • Focus on Proper Wiring from the Start
  • Plan correctly

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Guide to Data Center Design

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